Tomb of Peshedu (TT3)
Peshedu was a ‘Servant In the Place of Truth’, Deir el-Medina, during the Ramesside Period. His tomb, which is situated high on the hillside above the village, commands spectacular views from its entrance. It has only in recent years been opened to the public after restoration.
The decoration of the tomb, like the other artisan’s tombs, is painted on a yellow ochre background with bright and lively scenes from the ‘Book of the Dead’. Like the other tombs it has a vaulted ceiling. From the court outside the tomb, a passage leads down to the burial chamber. On either side of the passage walls the Anubis jackal squats on a shrine with the flail between his hind paws.
Inside the burial chamber on the entrance wall, the lintel shows a huge portrayal of Ptah-Sokar as a flying falcon on a barque adored by Peshedu. His son Menna is also shown worshipping a series of deities appearing on the left-hand wall. Working clockwise around the tomb, the left-hand entrance wall (east) depicts three rows of Peshedu’s parents and other relatives. A tiny scene of the sycamore goddess is shown in the top corner. The northern wall portrays Peshedu and his wife Nedjemtebehdet with two small children. Nedjemtebehdet is dressed in her finery, with a long wig divided into curly tresses, large earrings and a perfume cone on her head. They are worshipping Horus as a hawk. The next scene shows an Anubis-priest tending a mummified Peshedu on a couch. Scenes on either side of the end wall (west) represent the deceased and his wife and daughter in a boat on the ‘Abydos Pilgrimage’, to which all men aspired at death either in actuality or symbolically. The vaulted ceiling shows a procession of gods including Osiris, Isis, Nut, Nu, Nephthys, Geb, Anubis and Wapwawet, with texts from the ‘Litany of Re’.
The western end wall depicts a famous scene of Osiris seated before a mountain and Horus in the form of a falcon. In the curve of the ceiling a large personified Udjet-eye supports a burning torch, while Peshedu kneels below. The northern wall continues with the deceased and a small daughter worshipping Re-Horakhty, Atum, Khepri, Ptah and a dressed Djed-pillar, while the vaulted ceiling above shows a procession of seated gods, including Osiris, Thoth, Hathor, Re-Horakhty and Neith, Selkis, Anubis and Wepwawet.
Finally, another famous scene from this tomb is on the right-hand entrance wall (east) in which Peshedu crouches by a pool beneath a palm tree laden with dates. It is interesting that the decoration of the private Ramesside tombs abandons the scenes of daily life seen in earlier tombs for a more formal depiction of the deceased and his family adoring various gods of the funerary books. In these later tombs Anubis is much more in evidence than Osiris.
The tomb of Peshedu is open from 6.00am to 4.00pm in the winter season. To reach the tomb, climb the steps to the Deir el-Medina tombs of Sennedjem and Inherkau, and keep going along the steep path up the hillside. A guardian will usually accompany you to unlock the tomb. There is a separate entrance ticket to the tomb of Peshedu which costs EGP 25 at the gate.